13th September 1958
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In 1954 the US Supreme Court had ordered that all Schools should be racially de-segregated, consequently the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People encouraged black students to enrole in previously all-white schools. In 1957 in Little Rock, Arkansas' Governor, Orval Faubus, brought in the National Guard to prevent black students enrolling. President Eisenhower oredered the U.S Army to intervene and also brought the Arkansas National Guard under direct Federal control. In September 1958 Faubus tried another tack; he passed a bill to close down the 4 major high schools in Little Rock. The schools re-opened the following August.