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It is now accepted that The German-Irish Plot of May 1918, in which Sinn-Fein were supposed to be conspiring with German Intelligence to start an armed revolt in the province, was in fact a set up job by British Intelligence and used as an excuse to arrest and imprison many Sinn-Fein members. It ultimately proved to be counter-productive because Sinn-Fein sacrificed many of its more moderate members while ensuring the hard-liners such as Michael Collins stayed free. As shown in the clipping Eamon De Valera, later President of the Irish Republic, was arrested. He was imprisoned, but escaped from Lincoln Gaol in February 1919.